Skip to main content

Table 1 Distribution of various anomalies of the genito-urinary system and associated findings

From: Prenatal diagnosis of congenital anomalies of genito-urinary system on fetal magnetic resonance imaging

Anomaly Number of cases Associated findings Amniotic fluid Urinary bladder
Bilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) 3 Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) (N = 1) Anhydraminos (N = 3) Not visualized
Unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) Right 3 Placenta previa (N = 1) Normal Normal
Left 1
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) 2 Pulmonary hypoplasia (N = 2) Anhydramnios (N = 2) Not visualized
Pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) Right 3 Pyelectasis in the contralateral kidney (N = 1) Oligohydramnios (N = 1) Normal
Left 1
Hydronephrosis Bilateral 1 Choroid plexus cyst (N = 1), pleural effusion (N = 1) Oligohydramnios (N = 1) Normal
Unilateral (left) 2
Isolated pyelectasis Bilateral 1 NIL Normal Normal
Unilateral (left) 2
Vesico-ureteric junction obstruction (VUJO) Right 1 NIL Normal Normal
Left 1
Posterior urethral valves (PUV) 2 NIL Anhydramnios (N = 2) Small, dilated posterior urethra
Renal agenesis Bilateral 3 Pulmonary hypoplasia (N = 3) Anhydramnios (N = 3) Not visualized (N = 3), normal (N = 1)
Unilateral (left) 1
Megacystis 1 Nuchal hygroma Anhydramnios Massively enlarged
Ovarian cyst 1 NIL Normal Normal
Fusion and rotational anomalies 2 (horseshoe-1, malrotation-1) Heterotaxy syndrome (N = 1) Normal Normal