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Table 1 Imaging findings in different age groups in different clinical scenarios

From: Upper GI series in infants and children with vomiting: insights into ACR appropriateness criteria

Type of vomiting (A) Neonates in the first month of life (n = 4) (B) Infants in the second and third months of life (n = 14) (C) More than 3 months to 1 year (n = 20) (D) More than 1 year to 2 years (n = 11) (E) More than 2 years (number of patients) (n = 27)**
Bilious vomiting (9 patients) Malrotation with gastric volvulus (1)
Duodenal atresia (1)
Malrotation (2) Malrotation (1) 0 Malrotation (2)
Malrotation and gastric volvulus (1)
Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (1)
New-onset nonbilious vomiting
(36 patients)
IHPS (2) Normal study (2)
Idiopathic GER (1)
Normal study (4)
Idiopathic GER (1)
Normal study (4)
Pyloric obstruction (1)
Normal Study (17)
Lymphoma (1)
Hiatus hernia (2)
Bochdalek with volvulus (1)
Intermittent nonbilious vomiting since birth
(31 patients)
0 Idiopathic GER (4)
Gastric volvulus (2)
Vascular ring (1)
Normal (2)
Normal (7)
Idiopathic GER (3)
Hiatus hernia (2)
Gastric volvulus (1)
Dilated esophagus (1)
Hiatus hernia one has volvulus (3)
Gastric volvulus (1)
Idiopathic GER (2)
Hiatus hernia (1)
Peptic stricture (1)
  1. **Only four patients were in the adolescence age (more than 12 years), three had normal study, and one with superior mesenteric artery syndrome syndrome
  2. IHPS infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, n number of patients