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Table 5 Atherosclerotic plaques in studied groups

From: Pulmonary emphysema and atherosclerosis: association or syndrome?

  COPD Control p value
n % N %
Right surface No plaque 25 31.3% 40 100.0% <0.001*
Smooth 16 20.0% 0 .0%
Irregular 31 38.8% 0 .0%
Ulcer 8 10.0% 0 .0%
Right hemogoniecity No plaque 25 31.3% 40 100.0% <0.001*
Homogeneous 23 28.8% 0 .0%
Heterogeneous 32 40.0% 0 .0%
Right calcification No plaque 25 31.3% 40 100.0% <0.001*
Soft 13 16.3% 0 .0%
Calcified 42 52.5% 0 .0%
Left surface No plaque 23 28.8% 40 100.0% <0.001*
Smooth 18 22.5% 0 .0%
Irregular 31 38.8% 0 .0%
Ulcer 8 10.0% 0 .0%
Left hemogoniecity NO plaque 23 28.8% 40 100.0% <0.001*
Homogeneous 16 20.0% 0 .0%
Heterogeneous 41 51.3% 0 .0%
Left calcification No plaque 23 28.8% 40 100.0% <0.001*
Soft 15 18.8% 0 .0%
Calcified 42 52.5% 0 .0%
  1. *Denoting the value is significant