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Table 3 Demographic factors

From: Gall bladder carcinoma: the facts and the mimics

Demographic factors Gall bladder pathologies/abnormalities Exposures
Advanced age Cholelithiasis Heavy metals
Female gender Porcelain gall bladder Medications:methyldopa, OCP, isoniazid, estrogen
Obesity Gall bladder polyps Smoking
Geography Congenital biliary cysts Infections: Salmonella, Helicobacter
Ethnicity Pancreaticobiliary anatomical anomalies  
Genetic predisposition