Skip to main content

Table 3 Vascular defects detected by TTE and MDCT

From: The role of MDCT in the assessment of cardiac and extra-cardiac vascular defects among Egyptian children with tetralogy of Fallot and its surgical implementation

Types of vascular defects Number (%)
TTE MDCT
Venous connection defects 0 4 (6.7%)
 Double superior vena cava 0 2 (3.3%)
 Pulmonary venous connection anomalies 0 2 (3.3%)
Pulmonary artery defects 36 (60%) 48 (80%)
 Pulmonary atresia 18 (30%) 18 (30%)
 Hypoplastic main pulmonary artery 6 (10%) 8 (13.3%)
 Abnormal atretic right pulmonary artery 8 (13.3%) 10 (16.7%)
 Abnormal atretic left pulmonary artery 8 (13.3%) 12 (20%)
Aortic artery anomalies 20 (33.3%) 24 (40%)
 Right-sided aortic arch 16 (26.7%) 16 (26.7%)
 Double aortic arch 2 (3.3%) 2 (3.3%)
 Hypoplastic aortic arch 2 (3.3%) 2 (3.3%)
 Persistent 5th aortic arch 0 2 (3.3%)
 Aberrant left subclavian artery 0 2 (3.3%)
Aorto-pulmonary vessels defects 14 (23.3%) 27 (45%)
 Patent ductus arteriosus 12 (20%) 14 (23.3%)
 Major aorto-pulmonary collateral vessels (MAPCS) 2 (3.3%) 14 (23.3%)
Coronary arteries malformations 4 (6.7%) 12 (20%)
 Coronary artery venous fistula (AVF) 1 (1.7%) 2 (3.3%)
 Anomalous origin right coronary artery from pulmonary artery (ARCAPA) 0 2 (3.3%)
 Anomalous origin right coronary artery from left main coronary artery 1 (1.7%) 2 (3.3%)
 Left anterior descending artery dual coarse 1 (1.7%) 3 (5%)
 Anomalous origin left coronary artery from pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) 1 (1.7%) 3 (5%)
  1. TTE trans-thoracic echocardiography, MDCT multi-detector computed tomography