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Table 3 Comparison according to the management decision reflecting the clinical severity

From: COVID-19 pandemic: CT chest in COVID-19 infection and prediction of patient’s ICU needs

Variables ICU (N = 54) Hospital (N = 70) Home (N = 216) P value
Mean age (years) 55.2 ± 15.3 a 51.7 ± 14.5 a 41.7 ± 13.4 b ^ 0.001 *
Sex Male 34 (63.0%) 44 (62.9%) 134 (62.0%) # 0.987
Female 20 (37.0%) 26 (37.1%) 82 (38.0%)
Initial negative PCR 0 (0.0%) a 13 (18.6%) b 36 (16.7%) b # 0.004 *
Severity score 14.5 ± 6.1 a 9.8 ± 5.2 b 5.7 ± 3.7 c ^ < 0.001*
CT probability High 33 (61.1%) a 55 (78.6%) a 149 (69.0%) a # 0.001 *
Intermediate 11 (20.4%) a 4 (5.7%) b 26 (12.0%) ab
Low 10 (18.5%) a 10 (14.3%) a 17 (7.9%) a
Negative 0 (0.0%) a 1 (1.4%) a 24 (11.1%) b
GGO (ground-glass opacity) 44 (81.5%) 61 (87.1%) 187 (86.6%) # 0.595
GGO rounded 10 (22.7%) a 25 (41.0%) a 127 (67.9%) b # < 0.001 *
GGO linear 17 (38.6%) a 17 (27.9%) ab 31 (16.6%) b # 0.003 *
GGO patchy 10 (22.7%) 8 (13.1%) 31 (16.6%) # 0.426
GGO confluence 5 (11.4%) ab 14 (23.0%) a 20 (10.7%) b # 0.046 *
GGO diffuse 3 (6.8%) a 0 (0.0%) b 0 (0.0%) b § 0.003 *
GGO laterality Unilateral 3 (6.8%) 5 (8.2%) 27 (14.4%) # 0.222
Bilateral 41 (93.2%) 56 (91.8%) 160 (85.6%)
GGO location Peripheral 36 (81.8%) a 59 (96.7%) b 176 (94.1%) ab § 0.014 *
Central 8 (18.2%) 2 (3.3%) 11 (5.9%)
GGO lobar affection Multilobar 43 (97.7%) 58 (95.1%) 170 (90.9%) # 0.249
Unilobar 1 (2.3%) 3 (4.9%) 17 (9.1%)
Crazy paving 30 (55.6%) ab 42 (60.0%) a 82 (38.0%) b # 0.001 *
Vascular enlargement 17 (31.5%) 18 (25.7%) 65 (30.1%) # 0.733
Consolidation 44 (81.5%) a 25 (35.7%) b 29 (13.4%) c # < 0.001 *
Consolidation type Lobar 17 (38.6%) a 7 (28.0%) a 1 (3.4%) b # 0.003 *
Segmental/subsegmental 27 (61.4%) 18 (72.0%) 28 (96.6%)
Consolidation > GG 36 (66.7%) a 10 (14.3%) b 6 (2.8%) c # < 0.001 *
Curvilinear opacity 12 (22.2%) 20 (28.6%) 58 (26.9%) # 0.713
Pleural effusion 23 (42.6%) a 11 (15.7%) b 4 (1.9%) c # < 0.001 *
Fibrosis 4 (7.4%) 3 (4.3%) 10 (4.6%) § 0.632
LN (lymphadenopathy) 2 (3.7%) 4 (5.7%) 5 (2.3%) § 0.290
Nodules 3 (5.6%) 3 (4.3%) 5 (2.3%) § 0.324
Bronchiectasis 4 (7.4%) a 0 (0.0%) b 4 (1.9%) b § 0.028 *
Cavitation 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.5%) § 1.000
  1. ^Independent t test
  2. #Chi-square test
  3. §Fisher’s exact test
  4. *Significant, homogenous groups had the same symbol (a, b, c) by post hoc Bonferroni test