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Table 4 Diagnostic characteristics of some CT findings in predicting patient’s management

From: COVID-19 pandemic: CT chest in COVID-19 infection and prediction of patient’s ICU needs

Characteristics ICU Home
Score ≥ 14 Consolidation Effusion Score ≤ 10 Consolidation Effusion
AUC 0.835    0.793   
SE 0.032    0.026   
95% CI 0.772-0.898    0.742-0.845   
Sensitivity 63.0% 81.5% 42.6% 90.7% 86.6% 98.1%
Specificity 90.9% 81.1% 94.8% 54.8% 55.6% 27.4%
DA 86.5% 81.2% 86.5% 77.6% 75.3% 72.4%
YI 53.9% 62.6% 37.3% 45.6% 42.2% 25.6%
PPV 56.7% 44.9% 60.5% 77.8% 77.3% 70.2%
NPV 92.9% 95.9% 89.7% 77.3% 70.4% 89.5%
LR+ 6.93 4.32 8.12 2.01 1.95 1.35
LR 0.41 0.23 0.61 0.17 0.24 0.07
LR 17.00 18.90 13.40 11.90 8.09 20.02
  1. AUC area under the curve, SE standard error, CI confidence interval, YI Youden’s index, DA diagnostic accuracy, PPV positive predictive value, NPV negative predictive value, LR+ positive likelihood ratio, LR− negative likelihood ratio, LR diagnostic odd ratio