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Table 6 Ultrasound mid upper arm, mid-thigh muscle thickness and quadriceps muscle index

From: Value of ultrasound in grading the severity of sarcopenia in patients with hepatic cirrhosis

(cm) Group  < 
Child A, B Child C Control P value
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
RT mid arm USG 1.98 ± 0.30 1.51 ± 0.26 2.69 ± 0.47 < 0.001
LT mid arm USG 2.02 ± 0.30 1.54 ± 0.25 2.73 ± 0.51 < 0.001
Mean RT&LT mid arm USG 2.00 ± 0.29 1.53 ± 0.25 2.71 ± 0.49 < 0.001
RT mid-thigh USG 2.89 ± 0.34 2.29 ± 0.45 3.81 ± 0.50 < 0.001
LT mid-thigh USG 2.96 ± 0.34 2.30 ± 0.46 3.86 ± 0.56 < 0.001
Mean RT&LT mid-thigh USG 2.93 ± 0.33 2.30 ± 0.45 3.83 ± 0.53 < 0.001
Quadriceps thickness index(cm/m2) 1.69 ± 0.17 1.36 ± 0.26 2.20 ± 0.28 < 0.001
  Child A, B versus Child C Child A, B versus control Child C versus control
RT mid arm USG < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
LT mid arm USG < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Mean RT&LT mid arm USG < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
RT mid-thigh USG < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
LT mid-thigh USG < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Mean RT&LT mid-thigh USG < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
USG quadriceps thickness index < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. Posthoc pairwise comparison (P value between each 2 groups)