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Table 3 Distribution showing the relationship between age and the ultrasound features of the patients

From: Assessment of venous Doppler ultrasound findings of acute unilateral lower limb swelling in a tertiary facility in central Ghana: a retrospective analytical study

Variable Age group
Features  ≤ 18 years 19–39 years 40–60 years  > 60 years P value
Edema with thickened skin and subcutaneous layers
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 2 (3.0%) 24 (35.8%) 41 (61.2%) 0.004*
 No 2 (2.4%) 14 (16.7%) 37 (44.0%) 31 (36.9%)  
Multiple inguinal lymphadenopathy
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 6 (7.1%) 32 (39.0%) 44 (53.7%) 0.131
 No 2 (2.9%) 10 (14.5%) 29 (42.0%) 28 (40.6%)  
Multiple popliteal lymphadenopathy
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0.610
 No 2 (1.3%) 16 (10.7%) 60 (40.0%) 72 (48.0%)  
Deep veins with intraluminal echoes/thrombi
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 2 (9.5%) 10 (47.6%) 9 (42.9%) 0.789
 No 2 (1.5%) 14 (10.8%) 51 (39.2%) 63 (48.5%)  
Deep veins with no flow on color Doppler
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 2 (9.5%) 10 (47.6%) 9 (42.9%) 0.789
 No 2 (1.5%) 14 (10.8%) 51 (39.2%) 63 (48.5%)  
Incompressible superficial veins
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (100.0%) 0.685
 No 2 (1.3%) 16 (10.7%) 61 (40.7%) 71 (47.3%)  
Incompressible deep veins
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 2 (9.5%) 10 (47.6%) 9 (42.9%) 0.789
 No 2 (1.5%) 14 (10.8%) 51 (39.2%) 63 (48.5%)  
Dilated superficial tortuous veins
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (40.0%) 3 (60.0%) 0.714
 No 2 (1.4%) 16 (11.0%) 59 (40.4%) 69 (47.3%)  
Popliteal fossa thick-walled cystic mass/lesion
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 3 (50.0%) 3 (50.0%) 0.660
 No 2 (1.4%) 16 (11.0%) 58 (40.0%) 69 (47.6%)  
No augmentation with distal compression
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0.610
 No 2 (1.3%) 16 (10.7%) 60 (40.0%) 72 (48.0%)  
Distended superficial veins with intraluminal echoes/thrombi
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (100.0%) 0.685
 No 2 (1.3%) 16 (10.7%) 61 (40.7%) 71 (47.3%)  
Lower limb ulceration
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 1 (33.3%) 2 (66.7%) 0 (0.0%) 0.225
 No 2 (1.4%) 15 (10.1%) 59 (39.9%) 72 (48.6%)  
  1. *Statistically significant