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Table 4 Gender distribution of ultrasound features of our participants

From: Assessment of venous Doppler ultrasound findings of acute unilateral lower limb swelling in a tertiary facility in central Ghana: a retrospective analytical study

Variable Sex
Features Male Female P value
Edema with thickened skin and subcutaneous layers
 Yes 32 (47.8%) 35 (52.2%) 0.898
 No 41 (48.8%) 43 (51.2%)  
Multiple inguinal lymphadenopathy
 Yes 41 (40.0%) 41 (50.0%) 0.657
 No 32 (46.4%) 37 (53.6%)  
Multiple popliteal lymphadenopathy
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 1 (100.0%) 0.249
 No 73 (48.7%) 77 (51.3%)  
Deep veins intraluminal echoes/thrombi
 Yes 8 (38.1%) 13 (61.9%) 0.311
 No 65 (50.0%) 65 (50.0%)  
Deep veins with no flow on color Doppler
 Yes 8 (38.1%) 13 (61.9%) 0.311
 No 65 (50.0%) 65 (50.0%)  
Incompressible superficial veins
 Yes 1 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0.227
 No 72 (48.0%) 78 (52.0%)  
Incompressible deep veins
 Yes 8 (38.1%) 13 (61.9%) 0.309
 No 65 (50.0%) 65 (50.0%)  
Dilated superficial tortuous veins
 Yes 2 (40.0%) 3 (60.0%) 0.703
 No 71 (48.6%) 75 (51.4%)  
Popliteal fossa thick-walled cystic mass/lesion
 Yes 2 (33.3%) 4 (66.7%) 0.448
 No 71 (49.0%) 74 (51.0%)  
No augmentation with distal compression
 Yes 1 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0.227
 No 72 (48.0%) 78 (52.0%)  
Distended superficial veins with intraluminal echoes/thrombi
 Yes 1 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0.227
 No 72 (48.0%) 78 (52.0%)  
Lower limb ulceration
 Yes 2 (66.7%) 1 (33.3%) 0.518
 No 71 (48.0%) 77 (52.0%)