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Table 4 Comparison of portal vein diameter and different hemodynamic indices by B-mode and color Doppler US between cirrhotic group and control group

From: Role of portal color Doppler ultrasonography as noninvasive predictive tool for esophageal varices in cirrhotic patients

Normal values Cirrhotic group (G1)
(n = 100)
M ± SD
Control group (G2)
(n = 100)
M ± SD
p Value (Mann–Whitney test)
Portal vein flow velocity (PVFV)
(15–20 cm/s)
15.3 ± 5.1 18.2 ± 2.9  < 0.001*
Portal vein diameter (PVD)
(10–13 mm)
12.4 ± 3.2 12.1 ± 1.2 0.38NS
Portal congestion index (PCI)
(0.07–0.1)
0.11 ± 0.045 0.071 ± 0.012  < 0.001*
Hepatic artery resistive index (HARI)
(0.5–0.7)
0.71 ± 0.052 0.51 ± 0.03  < 0.001*
Hepatic artery pulsatility index (HAPI)
(0.9–1)
1.34 ± 0.12 1.01 ± 0.04  < 0.001*
Splenic artery resistive index (SARI)
(0.5–0.7)
0.7 ± 0.05 0.5 ± 0.06  < 0.001*
Portal hypertensive index (PHI)
(1.3–1.8)
2.23 ± 0.85 1.38 ± 0.53  < 0.001*
Liver vascular index (LVI)
(10–15)
11.77 ± 4.95 11.61 ± 3.2 0.78NS
  1. NS = no significant difference, P > 0.05
  2. *High significant difference, P < 0.001