Skip to main content

Table 3 Association between each type of ARM and spinal dysraphism and its significance

From: Role of ultrasonography in screening of spinal dysraphism in infants at risk

ARM No spinal dysraphism Spinal dysraphism Test value P value Sig.
No. = 13 No. = 20
Rectourethral fistula
 No 13 (100.0%) 16 (80.0%) 2.959* 0.085 NS
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 4 (20.0%)    
Rectal atresia
 No 10 (76.9%) 19 (95.0%) 2.417* 0.120 NS
 Yes 3 (23.1%) 1 (5.0%)    
Cloacal malformation
 No 11 (84.6%) 17 (85.0%) 0.001* 0.976 NS
 Yes 2 (15.4%) 3 (15.0%)    
Vestibular fistula
 No 12 (92.3%) 18 (90.0%) 0.051* 0.822 NS
 Yes 1 (7.7%) 2 (10.0%)    
Perineal fistula
 No 11 (84.6%) 20 (100.0%) 3.275* 0.070 NS
 Yes 2 (15.4%) 0 (0.0%)    
Rectovaginal fistula
 No 13 (100.0%) 19 (95.0%) 0.670* 0.413 NS
 Yes 0 (0.0%) 1 (5.0%)    
  1. P value > 0.05: non significant; P value < 0.05: significant; P value < 0.01: highly significant
  2. *Chi-square test