Skip to main content

Table 5 Detailed agreement between USG and MRI findings regarding each subtype of spinal dysraphism

From: Role of ultrasonography in screening of spinal dysraphism in infants at risk

Type of spinal dysraphism MRI Ultrasound Test value P value Kappa agreement (95% CI)
No. (%) No. (%)
Tethered cord
 No 8 (40.0%) 9 (45.0%) 0.102* 0.749 0.898 (0.704 to 1.000)
 Yes 12 (60.0%) 11 (55.0%)    
Lipomyelocele
 No 19 (95.0%) 19 (95.0%) 0.000* 1.000 1.000 (1.000 to 1.000)
 Yes 1 (5.0%) 1 (5.0%)    
Lipomyelomeningocele
 No 18 (90.0%) 18 (90.0%) 0.000* 1.000 1.000 (1.000 to 1.000)
 Yes 2 (10.0%) 2 (10.0%)    
Meningocele
 No 19 (95.0%) 19 (95.0%) 0.000* 1.000 1.000 (1.000 to 1.000)
 Yes 1 (5.0%) 1 (5.0%)    
Terminal myelocystocele
 No 18 (90.0%) 18 (90.0%) 0.000* 1.000 1.000 (1.000 to 1.000)
 Yes 2 (10.0%) 2 (10.0%)    
Spinal lipoma
 No 17 (85.0%) 18 (90.0%) 0.229* 0.632 0.773 (0.350 to 1.000)
 Yes 3 (15.0%) 2 (10.0%)    
Lipoma of the filum terminale
 No 17 (85.0%) 17 (85.0%) 0.000* 1.000 1.000 (1.000 to 1.000)
 Yes 3 (15.0%) 3 (15.0%)    
LDM
 No 17 (85.0%) 18 (90.0%) 0.229* 0.632 0.773 (0.350 to 1.000)
 Yes 3 (15.0%) 2 (10.0%)    
DST
 No 19 (95.0%) 19 (95.0%) 0.000* 1.000 1.000 (1.000 to 1.000)
 Yes 1 (5.0%) 1 (5.0%)    
DST with meningitis
 No 19 (95.0%) 20 (100.0%) 1.026* 0.311 0 (0.000 to 0.000)
 Yes 1 (5.0%) 0 (0.0%)    
Tight filum terminale
 No 18 (90.0%) 18 (90.0%) 0.000* 1.000 1.000 (1.000 to 1.000)
 Yes 2 (10.0%) 2 (10.0%)    
Persistent terminal ventricle
 No 19 (95.0%) 20 (100.0%) 1.026* 0.311 0 (0.000 to 0.000)
 Yes 1 (5.0%) 0 (0.0%)    
CRS
 No 17 (85.0%) 17 (85.0%) 0.000* 1.000 1.000 (1.000 to 1.000)
 Yes 3 (15.0%) 3 (15.0%)    
Diastematomyelia
 No 19 (95.0%) 19 (95.0%) 0.000* 1.000 1.000 (1.000 to 1.000)
 Yes 1 (5.0%) 1 (5.0%)    
  1. P value > 0.05: non significant; P value < 0.05: significant; P value < 0.01: highly significant
  2. *Chi-square test