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Table 2 Common causes of subacute to chronic non-compressive myelopathy

From: Radiological approach to non-compressive myelopathies

Category Pathologies
Metabolic Vitamin B12 deficiency (Subacute combined degeneration)
Vitamin E deficiency
Chronic hepatic or renal disease
Vascular Spinal Dural AVF/AVM
Cavernoma
Neoplastic (intramedullary tumor) Ependymoma, Astrocytoma, Hemangioblastoma
Others – Metastases, Lymphoma
Inflammatory SLE, Sjögren’s syndrome, Sarcoidosis
Infectious Chronic infection with HIV
Others Post-irradiation
Paraneoplastic/Autoimmune
  1. AVF/AVM arteriovenous fistula/malformation, SLE systemic lupus erythematosus, HIV human immunodeficiency virus