Skip to main content

Table 1 Comparison of baseline data of patients with or without EV or EVH

From: Assessment of variceal bleeding in cirrhotic patients: accuracy of multi-detector computed tomography

Variable n (%)/Mean ± SD EV p value EVH p value
No (n = 35) Yes (n = 50) No (n = 43) Yes (n = 42)
Median (IQR) Median (IQR)
Age/years 53.82 ± 8.9 55.57 ± 9.4 52.60 ± 8.5 = 0.133* 55.30 ± 8.8 52.31 ± 8.9 = 0.124*
Sex        
 Female 30 (35.3%) 13 (37.1%) 17 (34%) = 0.756** 16 (37.2%) 14 (33.3%) = 0.709**
 Male 55 (64.7%) 22 (62.9%) 33 (66%)   27 (62.8%) 28 (66.7%)  
EVs at CT        
 Existence 50 (58.8%) 0 (0%) 50 (100%) < 0.001** 19 (44.2%) 31 (73.8%) = 0.131**
 Size        
   < 2 mm 16 (32%) 19 (54.3) 16 (32) = 0.112** 20 (46.5%) 2 (4.8%) = 0.098***
  2–4 mm 11 (22%) 9 (25.7) 10 (20) = 0.233** 22 (51.2) 18 (42.9) = 0.832***
  > 4 mm 23 (46%) 7 (20) 24 (48) = 0.098** 1 (2.3) 22 (52.4) = 0.001***
Para-esophageal collateral        
 Existence 42 (49.4%) 0 (0%) 42 (84%) < 0.001** 4 (9.3%) 38 (90.5%) < 0.001**
 Size 5.40 ± 1.4 0 (0) 6 (2) NA 7.2 (4) 6 (3) = 0.468***
Short gastric collateral        
 Existence 51 (60%) 16 (45.7%) 35 (70%) = 0.024** 20 (46.5%) 31 (73.8%) = 0.010**
 Size 3.51 ± 0.8 4 (3) 3 (1.5) = 0.457*** 3.6 (3) 3.2 (1) = 0.946***
Peri-splenic collateral        
 Existence 19 (22.4%) 13 (30.2%) 6 (14.3%) = 0.118** 15 (24.2%) 4 (17.4%) = 0.504**
 Size 4.12 ± 0.9 3 (1.9) 3.2 (1.6) = 0.101*** 3.2 (2) 3.3 (1) = 0.984***
Lino-renal collateral        
 Existence 61 (71.8%) 24 (68.6%) 37 (74%) = 0.584** 29 (76.4%) 32 (76.2%) = 0.370**
 Size 6.03 ± 1.7 7.5 (4) 7 (2) = 0.988*** 7 (3) 7 (2) = 0.942***
Omental collateral        
 Existence 34 (40%) 16 (37.2%) 18 (42.9%) = 0.595** 24 (38.7%) 10 (43.5%) = 0.690**
 Size 3.11 ± 0.9 4.4 (0.9) 4.3 (1.5) = 0.112*** 4.8 (1) 3.8 (1) = 0.148***
Para-umbilical collateral        
 Existence 46 (54.1%) 21 (60%) 25 (50%) = 0.363** 24 (55.8%) 22 (52.4%) = 0.751**
 Size 5.58 ± 1.3 3.5 (3) 5 (3.5) = 0.121*** 3.6 (2) 4.8 (3) = 0.134***
IVC        
 AP 21.98 ± 4.1 20 (6) 20 (5.5) = 0.479*** 20 (4) 23 (5.5) = 0.260***
 Width 28.80 ± 7.8 30 (10) 30 (5) = 0.923*** 28 (10) 30 (6)  = 0.681***
MCV 3.72 ± 2.7 2 (1) 4.7 (1) < 0.001** 3 (1) 4 (2) = 0.011**
LGV 2.10 ± 1.9 0.62 (0.3) 0.66 (0.5) = 0.389*** 0.62 (0.8) 0.66 (0.9) = 0.356***
RPV 2.75 ± 2.1 1.21 (0.5) 1.33 (0.9) = 0.158*** 1.22 (1.7) 1.31 (0.3) = 0.568***
LPV 3.06 ± 2.8 1.38 (1.4) 1.31 (1.5) = 0.211*** 1.35 (1.6) 1.30 (1.5) = 0.274***
MPV 16.71 ± 1.8 14.7 (0.2) 15.82 (0.3) = 0.133*** 14.56 (0.2) 15.75 (0.2) < 0.121***
SPV 3.04 ± 3.0 1.42 (1.3) 1.46 (0.3) = 0.785*** 1.44 (1.2) 1.45 (0.3) = 0.775***
Child score category        
 Child A 21 (24.7%) 18 (51.4%) 3 (6%)   21 (48.8%) 0 (0%)  
 Child B 29 (34.1%) 1 (2.9%) 28 (56%)   3 (7%) 26 (61.9%)  
 Child C 35 (41.2%) 19 (44.2%) 16 (38.1%) = 0.213** 30 (48.4%) 5 (21.6%) < 0.001**
IMV size 4.26 ± 1.7 4 (2.5) 4 (2.8) = 0.791*** 4 (2) 4.3 (3) = 0.149***
SMV Size 12.57 ± 3.3 12 (6) 11.5 (6) = 0.530*** 11 (6) 12 (6) = 0.603***
PUV size 10.19 ± 2.6 10 (3.7) 9 (2.8) = 0.288*** 10 (4) 9 (3) = 0.420***
Splenic size 138.78 ± 43.7 150 (40) 142.5 (55) = 0.516*** 145 (55) 147.5 (46) = 0.826***
Ascites (+) 34 (40%) 17 (48.6%) 17 (34%) = 0.177** 17 (39.5%) 17 (40.5%) = 0.929**
Gastric varicosities        
 Existence 34 (40%) 2 (5.7%) 32 (64%) < 0.001** 3 (7%) 31 (73.8%) < 0.001**
 Size 2.22 ± 1.3 0.4 (0) 2.3 (1.5) = 0.004*** 0.5 (0) 2.5 (1)  < 0.001***
Coronary collateral (+) 38 (44.7%) 5 (14.3%) 33 (66%) < 0.001** 5 (11.6%) 33 (78.6%) < 0.001**
  1. EV esophageal varices, EVH esophageal variceal hemorrhage, IVC inferior vena cava (AP anterior–posterior), LGV left gastric vein, RPV right portal vein, LPV left portal vein, MPV main portal vein, SPV splenic vein, IMV inferior mesenteric vein, SMV superior mesenteric vein, LRV left renal vein
  2. *Independent sample t-test was used to compare the means among groups
  3. **Chi-square test was used to compare the frequency among groups
  4. ***Mann Whitney U-test was used to compare the medians among groups