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Table 2 Comparison of baseline and IVIM-DWI parameters between response and nonresponse groups

From: Prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma response to transarterial chemoembolization with intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging

Variable Response group Nonresponse group p value
Gender (male) 9 (34.61%) 4 (15.38%) 0.05a
Age > 60 4 (15.38%) 10 (38.46%) 0.018*a
Lobe of liver (right) 9 (34.61%) 4 (15.38%) 0.05a
ADC (× 10 − 3 mm2/s) 1.09 ± 0.41 0.89 ± 0.4 0.22
D (× 10 − 3 mm2/s) − 1.45 ± 4.87 − 7.38 ± 4.96 0.005*
D* (× 10 − 3 mm2/s) − 1.51 ± 4.83 − 7.41 ± 4.91 0.005*
f (%) 0.51 ± 6 − 6.9 ± 5.89 0.004*
Tumor size before TACE (mm) 51.31 ± 31.87 53.23 ± 37.2 0.88
  1. All quantitative data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation, all other variables reported as N (%)
  2. ADC apparent diffusion coefficient
  3. *Statistically significant (p value < 0.05)
  4. aChi-squared test is used; independent t test or Mann–Whitney U test used for all other comparisons