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Table 2 Mean ADC values assessed in each of the carotid plaques in the particular histological characteristics

From: Role of diffusion-weighted imaging in carotid plaque vulnerability assessment

  No. of study patients Mean ADC value Standard error 95% CI p value
Overall plaque vulnerability
Vulnerable 16 0.83 × 10–3 0.10 × 10–3 0.405 × 10–3–1.44 × 10–3 0.001
Non-vulnerable 7 1.7 × 10–3 0.29 × 10–3
Lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC)
LRNC present 13 0.86 × 10–3 0.13 × 10–3 0.022 × 10–3–1.14 × 10–3 0 .042
LRNC absent 10 1.44 × 10–3 0.26 × 10–3
Intra-plaque hemorrhage (IPH)
IPH present 9 0.751 × 10–3 0.111 × 10–3 0.038 × 10–3–1.164 × 10–3 0.037
IPH absent 14 1.352 × 10–3 0.203 × 10–3
  1. ADC apparent diffusion coefficient