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Table 2 Bilateral Tibial nerve CSA and mean nerve stiffness value by ultrasound elastography among controls, diabetes mellitus and diabetic peripheral neuropathy groups

From: Diagnostic value of shear wave ultrasound elastography of tibial nerve in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy

Variable Rt. TN (mean ± SD) P value Lt. TN (mean ± SD) P value
CSA (mm2)     
 Control group (n = 100) 10.26 ± 1.86 0.01 9.95 ± 1.91 0.01
 DM group (n = 100) 11.28 ± 2.12 11.36 ± 2.27
 DPN group (n = 100) 16.81 ± 1.85 16.63 ± 1.94
SWE stiffness (kPa)     
 Control group (n = 100) 45.65 ± 23.63  < 0.001 44.53 ± 23.72 < 0.001
 DM group (n = 100) 64.86 ± 19.36 65.59 ± 18.86
 DPN group (n = 100) 98.24 ± 19.47 97.65 ± 19.64
  1. CSA cross−sectional area, DM Diabetes mellitus, DPN Diabetic peripheral neuropathy, kPa kilopascals, TN Tibial nerve
  2. *P value < 0.05 considered significant