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Table 3 Summary of published reports of tumoral GIT bleeding treated with trans-arterial embolization

From: Trans-arterial embolization of malignant tumor-related gastrointestinal bleeding: technical and clinical efficacy

Study Study years No. Pathological type Location Embolic material Technical success Clinical success 30 days mortality Overall mortality
Lee et al. [20] 2000–2008 23 Adenocarcinoma Stomach Gelatine sponge, NBCA, and microcoils. 100% 52%
(75% for acute GI bleeding, 43% for tumor with contrast staining and 38% for tumor with –ve angiography
43% 100%
(Up to 365 days)
Fidelman [23] 2005–2008 5 RCC metastases to the GI tract Stomach (3), duodenum (2),
Ileum (1)
Microcoils, Embosphere and PVA particles 100% 75% 0% 60%
Tandberg et al. [19] 2005–2011 26 Adenocarcinoma (11)
GIST (4)
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (2)
Cholangio-carcinoma (1)
GB adenocarcinoma (1)
RCC mets to GI (2)
Neuroendocrine (1)
Lymphoma (1)
Melanoma (2)
SCC (1)
Esophagus (1), stomach (6), duodenum (9)
Jejunum (2), sigmoid colon (2)
Rectum (6)
Microcoils and PVA particles 100% 68%
(91% for acute GI bleeding and 50% for chronic GI bleeding)
NA NA
Meehan et al. [21] 2002–2012 10 Adenocarcinoma Stomach Gelatine sponge, NBCA, microcoils, Embosphereand beads 100% 40% 60% NA
Koo et al. [25] 2007–2012 20 GIST Stomach (5)
Duodenum (2)
Ileum (3)
Jejunum (9)
Jejunum and colon (1).
Gelatine sponge, NBCA, and microcoils 95% 90% 10% 30%
Zheng et al. [24] 2001–2015 11 Lymphoma Stomach Gelatine sponge, NBCA, and microcoils. 100% 27% 18% NA
Park et al. [22] 2000–2015 40 Adenocarcinoma Stomach Gelatine sponge, NBCA,PVA microcoils and particles 85% 65% 25% 92%
(up to 462 days)
Current study 2015–2017 10 Adenocarcinoma (7)
lymphoma (1)
GIST (2)
Stomach (6)
Small bowel (3)
Colon (1)
Gelatine sponge and PVA particles 100% 78.4% 7.1% 35.4%