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Table 1 Imaging modalities achieved using AuNP by the inclusion of formulation methods

From: Integrating image fusion with nanoparticle contrast agents for diagnosis: a review

Imaging modality Formulation method
X-ray/CT Gold nanoparticles
MRI Inclusion of heavy metals (gadolinium, iron oxide)
Ultrasound Core-shell structure with high acoustic impedance
Nuclear imaging Radioisotopes (64Cu, 111In)