Skip to main content

Table 2 Relations between abnormal enhancement of the anterior segment of the affected eyes and the main MRI and histopathologic findings carrying risk of metastasis

From: High Resolution MR Imaging guidelines in retinoblastoma: prospective study correlated with histopathological results

MRI and Histopathology FindingGadolinium enhancement of anterior eye segmentp value
AbnormalNormal
Tumor size in maximum axial diameter mean±SD (mm)1.75 ± 0.531.6 ± 0.43.281
Postlaminar optic nerve invasion   
Yes20 (74)7 (26).059
No16 (26)15 (48.4)
Choroidal invasion   
Yes29 (67.4)14 (32.6).153
No7 (46.7)8 (53.3)
Postlaminar optic nerve and Choroidal invasion   
Yes17 (70.8)7 (29.2).248
No19 (56)15 (44)
Scleral invasion   
Yes5 (55.6)4 (44.4).661
No31 (63.3)18 (36.7)
Anterior eye segment invasion   
Yes7 (87.5)5 (55.6).110
No1 (12.5)21 (42)
Iris neovascularization   
Yes8 (72.7)3 (27.3).418
No28 (60)19 (40.4)
  1. SD standard deviation