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Table 6 Association between limitation of ROM “abduction” according to MRI finding (n = 70)

From: Shoulder adhesive capsulitis: can clinical data correlate with fat-suppressed T2 weighted MRI findings?

MRI finding Limitation of ROM (Abduction) Test value p-value
Absent (n = 41) Present (n = 29)
Qualitative findings     
Capsular edema     
Glenoid     
Absent 23 (56.1%) 20 (69.0%) x2: 1.187 0.276
Present 18 (43.9%) 9 (31.0%)
Humeral     
Absent 21 (51.2%) 18 (62.1%) x2: 0.810 0.368
Present 20 (48.8%) 11 (37.9%)
Extra capsular edema     
Anterior     
Absent 21 (51.2%) 24 (82.8%) x2: 6.050 0.014*
Present 20 (48.8%) 5 (17.2%)
Posterior     
Absent 27 (65.9%) 22 (75.9%) x2: 0.810 0.368
Present 14 (34.1%) 7 (24.1%)
Obliteration of subcoracoid fat triangle     
Absent 24 (58.5%) 11 (37.9%) FE: 3.862 0.145
Partial obliteration 4 (9.8%) 2 (6.9%)
Complete obliteration 13 (31.7%) 16 (55.2%)
Effusion of biceps tendon sheath     
Absent 12 (29.3%) 10 (34.5%) x2: 0.214 0.643
Present 29 (70.7%) 19 (65.5%)
Quantitative findings     
Capsular thickening     
Glenoid (mm)     
Mean ± SD 6.29 ± 0.99 5.21 ± 1.39 t: 4.110  < 0.001**
Range 3.9–8 2.87–7.6
Humeral (mm)     
Mean ± SD 4.99 ± 1.75 5.29 ± 1.86 t: 0.460 0.500
Range 2–8.8 1.5–9.03
Axillary recess     
Height (mm)     
Mean ± SD 7.23 ± 2.56 6.06 ± 2.35 t: 1.940 0.060
Range 3.49–13.5 3.2–10.6
Width (mm)     
Mean ± SD 2.35 ± 1.23 2.69 ± 1.62 t: 1.010 0.320
Range 0.9–5.5 1.1–6.8
  1. Using: Independent sample t-test; x2: Chi-square test; Fisher’s exact test
  2. p-value > 0.05 NS; *p-value < 0.05 S