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Table 1 Final diagnosis of the studied cases (proven by histopathology or by cytology and routine follow-up in 14 cases with typically benign features)

From: The added role of contrast-enhanced spectral mammography in the evaluation of pathological nipple discharge

Final diagnosis No. of patients (n = 140) %
Benign 59 42.1
Papilloma 30 21.42
Duct ectasia 14 10
Mastitis 4 2.8
Fibroadenosis 5 3.57
Fibrocystic changes 6 4.28
Malignant 81 57.9
DCIS 24 17.2
IDC 22 15.7
ILC 9 6.4
Tubular and mucinous carcinoma 9 6.4
Invasive cribriform and tubular carcinoma 6 4.3
Mixed IDC and ILC 6 4.3
Invasive cribriform carcinoma 5 3.6
  1. DCIS ductal carcinoma in situ, IDC invasive duct carcinoma, ILC invasive lobular carcinoma