Skip to main content

Table 1 EDSS score [9]

From: Diagnostic value of three-dimensional cube fluid attenuated inversion recovery imaging and its axial MIP reconstruction in multiple sclerosis

Score Description
0 Normal neurological exam without disability in any FS
1.0 No disability with minimal signs in one FS
1.5 No disability with minimal signs in more than one FS
2.0 Minimal disability in one FS
2.5 Mild disability in one FS or minimal disability in two FS
3.0 Moderate disability in one FS, or mild disability in three or four FS without any impairment to walking
3.5 Moderate disability in one FS and more than minimal disability in several others, without any impairment to walking
4.0 Significant disability but self-sufficient. Able to walk without aid or rest for 500 m
4.5 Significant disability with some limitation of full activity or require minimal assistance. Able to walk without aid or rest for 300 m
5.0 Disability severe enough to impair full daily activities. Able to walk without aid or rest for 200 m
5.5 Disability severe enough to prevent full daily activities. Able to walk without aid or rest for 100 m
6.0 Requires a walking aid – cane, crutch, etc. – to walk about 100 m with or without resting
6.5 Requires two walking aids – pair of canes, crutches, etc. – to walk about 20 m without resting
7.0 Unable to walk beyond approximately 5 m even with aid. Essentially restricted to wheelchair; though wheels self in standard wheelchair and transfers alone
7.5 Restricted to wheelchair and may need aid in transferring. Can wheel self but cannot carry on in standard wheelchair for a full day and may require a motorized wheelchair
8.0 Restricted to bed or chair or pushed in wheelchair. Retains many self-care functions. Generally has effective use of arms
8.5 Essentially restricted to bed much of day. Has some effective use of arms and retains some self-care functions
9.0 Confined to bed. Can still communicate and eat
9.5 Confined to bed and totally dependent. Unable to communicate effectively or eat/swallow
10.0 Death due to MS