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Table 1 Published case reports of Superior and Inferior mesenteric AVMs treated with an endovascular approach

From: Transarterial embolization of secondary inferior and superior mesenteric artery arteriovenous fistulas: a systematic review

Authors No. of pts Age/sex Presentation Site Procedure Emergency/elective Complications Recommendations
Stephanie Mick et al 1 62/F Abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea SMA & SMV Embolization Elective Nil Favorable than surgical approach
Françaises de radiologie 1 59/M Pain abdomen IMA & IMV Embolization Elective Nil Effective
Khung Keong Yeo et al 1 39/F Progressive abdominal pain post-surgery SMA & SMV Stent graft Emergency Nil Good though long-term results are unknown
Hiong-Ping Hii et al 1 47/F Abdominal pain and Bruit Aorta & SMV Coil embolization Elective   Alternative to surgical treatment
J. Chiriano et al 1 46/M Post-traumatic abdominal pain SMA & PV Stent graft Elective Nil Safe and effective for short term
Yanping Zhao et al 1 34/M Melena for 7 days SMA & SMV Stent graft Elective Stent migration Safe and effective for short term
Filippo Landi et al 1 47/M Cirrhosis with hepatitis B & C SMA & SMV Embolization Emergency Nil Feasible and safe, alternative to complex surgery
Miguel Nogueira et al 1 64/M Lower abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea IMA & IMV Embolization Elective Nil Case specific and multidisciplinary approach is needed
Lucy D et al 1 30/M Abdominal pain and diarrhea SMA & SMV Stent graft Emergency Nil Combined approach in mesenteric steal syndrome is good
Tomasz Jargiełło et al 1 51/M Nausea and hematemesis SMA & SMV Embolization Elective Nil Safe and effective treatment
Lau K Y et al 1 50/M Recurrent hematemesis SMA & SMV Coil embolization Emergency Nil Safe, concise, complete and quick life-saving measure
KengoKaii et al 1 66/M Pain abdomen and bloody diarrhea IMA & PV Embolization Elective Nil Combined approach is better in complicated cases
Renan Uflacker et al 1 41/M Acute abdomen pain SMA & PV Coil embolization Elective Nil Safer approach
SaruhanCekirge et al 1 53/M visceral artery aneurysms SMA & SMV Coil embolization Elective Nil Important tool in the treatment of arteriovenous fistulas
Haitham Al-Khayat et al 1 24/F Gunshot wound abdomen SMA & SV Stent graft Emergency Nil Multidisciplinary approach is recommended
Tianzhi An et al 1 35/M acute hematemesis and melena SMA & SMV Coil embolization Elective Nil Safe method with excellent results
Maher Hussein et al 1 61/M Pain abdomen and bleeding per rectum (hematochezia) SMA & SMV Embolization Elective Bowel ischemia Expected complication though rare
AndrasBikk et al 1 36/M Postoperative pain and tenderness SMA & SMV Stent graft Elective Nil Excellent management in complicated cases
Cory M. Fielding et al 1 59/F Gunshot wound to abdomen SMA & Duodenum Coil embolization Elective Nil Best approach
Thorstad BL et al 1 57/M Hematemesis and melena SMA & Duodenum Embolization Elective Expired Important to treat symptoms
Lingjun Liu MD et al 1 59/M Recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea SMA & SMV Embolization Elective Nil Safer management
J. Deitrick et al 1 16/M Gunshot wound abdomen SMA & PV Coil embolization Elective Pancreatic head necrosis, bowel ischemia Multidisciplinary approach is favorable
Srinivas B Desai et al 1 35/M Acute bleeding SMA & SMV Coil embolization Elective Nil Multidisciplinary understanding
Peter Hendy et al 1 24/M Abdominal pain, weight loss, bloody diarrhea IMA & IMV Embolization Elective Nil Complete cure
Oliver F. Hennessy et al 1 36/M Pain abdomen SMV & PV Coil embolization Elective Nil Good outcome
PezhmanFarshidm-ehr et al 1 32/F Acute abdominal Pain SMA & SMV Coil embolization Elective Nil Successful outcome
Jaideep Das Gupta et al 1 46/M Severe portal hypertension IMA & IMV Embolization Elective Nil Minimally invasive intervention
Govindarajan Narayanan et al 1 24/F Postoperative for multiple gunshot wounds SMA & SMV Stent graft Elective Nil Wider acceptance
Albert A. Nemcek et al 1 56/M Pain abdomen and black colored stools IMA & IMV Embolization Elective Nil Successful outcome
Amir Peer et al 1 63/M Abdominal pain and bloody stools SMA & SMV Coil embolization Elective Nil Good performance
Chun-Gen Wu et al 1 20/M persistent epigastric pain, vomiting, and nausea, with marked deterioration of his clinical condition SMA & SMV Stent graft Elective Nil Effective management
Ronald G. Repasky et al 1 22/M Abdominal gunshot wound SMA & SMV Embolization Elective Nil Effective treatment
David Rosenthal et al 1 16/M Abdominal pain with pulsatile mass in the epigastrium SMA & SMV Embolization Elective Nil Multidisciplinary approach
Tsunehiro Shintani et al 1 37/M Abdominal pain and Diarrhea SMA & SMV Embolization Elective Nil Successful treatment
Nathaniel N. Temin et al 1 45/F Postoperative ascites SMA & SMV Embolization Elective Nil Good outcome
AlparslanKılıç et al 1 44/M Diffuse abdominal pain, tenderness, fullness, loud continuous bruit SMA & SMV Coil embolization Elective Nil Successful alternative to surgical management
HeikoUthoff et al 1 84/M Diffuse abdominal pain with increasing abdominal girth SMA & PV Coil embolization Elective Nil Good outcome
Daphna Weinstein et al 1 23/F Abdominal pain and gastrointestinal bleeding 3 years after an abdominal gunshot wound SMA & SMV Coil embolization Elective Nil Alternative to surgery
Richard D. White et al 1 60/M Abdominal trauma, postoperative diarrhea SMA & SMV Embolization Elective Nil Successful procedure
Jeremy Wild et al 1 26/F Post-traumatic injuries with hemodynamic compromise SMA & SMV Embolization Elective Nil Good effort outcome
Abhinandan et al 1 46/M Bleeding per rectum SMA & SMV + IMA & IMV Glue embolization Elective Nil Good alternative in high risk patients with multiple co-morbidities