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Table 3 Comparison of the sonographic parameters between cases and controls

From: The diagnostic dilemma of congenital foot deformity in pediatrics: could adding ultrasound be problem solving?

US Cases Control P value
Mean SD Minimum Maximum Mean SD Minimum Maximum
MMN neutral (mm) 9.87 2.47 6.00 17.00 13.90 3.58 9.00 20.00 < 0.001
MMN planter flexion (mm) 12.73 3.77 4.00 22.00 15.57 3.20 11.00 21.00 0.003
MMN dorsiflexion (mm) 7.67 3.61 3.00 18.00 15.90 3.75 10.00 21.00 < 0.001
Medial soft tissue thickness (mm) 7.50 2.08 4.00 11.00 3.53 1.11 2.00 6.00 < 0.001
Calcaneocuboid distance (C–C) (mm) 5.87 1.66 3.00 9.00 1.40 1.13 0.00 3.00 < 0.001
Tibiocalcaneal neutral (mm) 11.57 4.45 5.00 21.00 16.83 3.18 12.00 22.00 < 0.001
Tibiocalcaneal planter flexion(mm) 9.60 3.75 4.00 20.00 14.00 3.04 10.00 19.00 < 0.001
Tibiocalcaneal dorsiflexion(mm) 13.23 4.69 6.00 22.00 18.57 2.60 14.00 22.00 < 0.001