The subdiaphragmatic kidney is a positional variant of the uncommon cephalad renal ectopia, whereas renal malrotation refers to the anomalous renal hilar position. Both anomalies are rare, possibly under-reported, discovered incidentally on radiological examinations since patients are often asymptomatic.
This case report presents a unique renal anatomical variation in a 71-year-old female patient. A bilateral subdiaphragmatic renal ectopia coupled with right-sided renal malrotation, discovered accidentally on abdominal ultrasound (US), and confirmed by abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
The presented case of bilateral subdiaphragmatic kidneys associated with right-sided renal malrotation is rare and not previously described in the literature. Radiologists must be familiar with these renal anomalies that can be discovered on imaging performed for other indications. MRI can provide more anatomical data compared to US.