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  1. Breast cancer is considered the most serious lesion among different breast lesions. Mammography is the corner stone for screening for detection of breast cancer. It has been modified to digital mammography (DM...

    Authors: Samia Aboelnour Abdeltwab Abdelattef, Suzan Farouk Ibrahim, Wafaa Raft Abdelhamid and Fatten Mohamed Mahmoud
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:268
  2. The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic performance of diffusion weight imaging (DWI), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map, normalized ADC liver, and normalized ADC spleen compared to ...

    Authors: Bahaa Mohamed Elrefaey Hasan, Hanaa Abd ElKader Abd ElHamid, Nivan Hany Khater, Waseem ElGendy and Ahmed S. Abdelrahman
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:267
  3. The fetal face reflects strictly the development of the fetal brain during its growth. Four-dimensional (4D) examination permits continuous monitoring of the examined parts of fetal face and surface. The final...

    Authors: Hisham A. Elghany Algahlan, Mamdouh Elsemary and Mohammed Hazem
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:265
  4. Thalassemia is the most prevalent single-gene disorder. Myocardial and hepatic iron depositions lead to complications and eventually death. We aimed to assess the diagnostic efficacy of magnetic resonance imag...

    Authors: Ashraf M. El Sherif, Ahmed S. Ibrahim, Mohamed A. Elsayed, Ahmed S. Abdelhakim and Ahlam M. Ismail
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:264
  5. In pediatric patients, soft tissue masses encompass a wide heterogeneous group of benign and malignant lesions. MRI is a powerful diagnostic tool in the workup of soft tissue tumors in children, and it helps i...

    Authors: Mohamed Ali El-Adalany, Nevertiti Kamal El-Din Eid, Salma Othman and Dina El-Metwally
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:263
  6. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder primarily involving the sacroiliac joints and spine. It is associated with both articular and extra-articular clinical manifestations. Pulmonary ...

    Authors: Iman Mohamed Hamdy Ibrahim, Ahlam Ahmed Hussein Alaqel, Nehal El Ghobashy, Adel Ibrahim Azzam and Mohammed Raafat Abd El-Mageed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:262
  7. Erdheim–Chester disease (ECD) is a rarely encountered idiopathic systemic form of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. The clinical manifestations of ECD are highly heterogeneous, ranging from unifocal forms to ...

    Authors: Varsha Rangankar, Pranav Ajmera, Neha Agarwal, Tushar Kalekar, Pratiksha Yadav and M. Suhas
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:261
  8. The purpose of this study was to evaluate diagnostic performance of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and functional MRI (diffusion and MR spectroscopy) using the latest MRI breast...

    Authors: Dalia Bayoumi, Amal Sakrana, Ebrahim Abdelhalim and Eman Alnaghy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:260
  9. Aggressive angiomyxoma is an infrequent benign tumor that usually occurs in the pelvic region. Pelvic masses have variety of differential diagnosis but some featured findings should prompt the diagnosis of agg...

    Authors: Mehmet Cingoz, Ali Kilic, Aylin Acar, İlkay Tosun, Direnc Ozlem Aksoy and Eda Cingoz
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:259
  10. There is a sudden rise of fungal infection with corona virus disease. This is attributed to the immunomodulation by the disease and the drugs used, diabetes mellitus, steroid use, oxygen inhalation using dirty...

    Authors: Annu Singhal, Shikha Jain, Swati Sharma, Vivek Cherumanalil Kottiyath and Girish Khandelwal
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:258
  11. Malignant Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one amongst the foremost widespread cancers within the world. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is that the most generally used substitute tool for hepatic carcinoma tre...

    Authors: Hany El-Assaly, Mohamed Farouk Hussein Abdallah, Wael Maher Mohamed and Mohamed Ibrahim Youssef
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:257
  12. The incidence of the thyroid nodules and its detection is increasing rapidly. The most precise method for diagnosis of the nodules of the thyroid is FNAC. But, about 10–20% of specimens of FNAC are indetermina...

    Authors: Mahmoud Abdel Latif, Magdy Mohamed El Rakhawy and Mohamed Fathy Saleh
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:256
  13. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is one of most common congenital heart defects, it's a unique vascular structure that provides direct communication between pulmonary and systemic circulation. MDCT angiography i...

    Authors: Samar Abdelatty Gad, Ekhlas Abdelmonem Shaban, Mohammed Mahmoud Dawoud and Mohamed Ahmed Youssef
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:255
  14. Maldescended ovaries are a rare condition. Despite its different embryologic development with the uterus, maldescended ovary is usually accompanied by uterine malformations and is found during the course of in...

    Authors: Nima Rakhshankhah, Ramin Ebrahimi, Manizhe Ataee Kachuee, Mohammad-Ali Mohammadi-Vajari and Abolfazl Abouie
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:254
  15. Invasive Papillary Carcinomas (IPC) are rare and account for approximately 0.5% of all invasive breast carcinomas. Most of them are seen in post-menopausal women and have a good prognosis. These tumors lack th...

    Authors: Pratibha Issar, M. Ravindranath and Manish Dewangan
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:253
  16. Breast cancer is the second leading cancer killer of women globally. An early measure utilizing a noninvasive molecular marker for predicting cancer aggressiveness is important to better manage the patient and...

    Authors: A. S. Fathinul Fikri, E. Y. Chong and A. H. Syafrina
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:252
  17. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) chest becomes a valuable diagnostic tool for identifying patients infected with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the early stage, where patients may be asymptom...

    Authors: Kamal Kumar Sen, Roopak Dubey, Mayank Goyal, Humsheer Sethi, Ajay Sharawat and Rohit Arora
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:251
  18. The recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging techniques have improved the assessment of acute stroke. Susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) has a crucial role in the management plan of cerebral ischemia. ...

    Authors: Manal F. Abu-samra, Mohammed F. Amin, Ahmed M. Yassen, Asmaa K. Fath El-Bab and Mohammed Farouk Gabr
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:250
  19. Degenerative disease of the lumbar spine is one of the most prevalent pathologies worldwide, and MRI is the gold standard imaging modality that helps to assess soft tissue and bony abnormalities and elicit cau...

    Authors: Heba Ibrahim and Khaled Diab
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:249
  20. We aimed to prospectively assess the lung fibrotic-like changes, as well as to explore their predictive factors, in the patients who survived Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. In this prospective ...

    Authors: Mehrdad Nabahati, Soheil Ebrahimpour, Reza Khaleghnejad Tabari and Rahele Mehraeen
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:248
  21. Despite the dominance of Covid-19 in the current situation, MERS-CoV is found infrequently in the Middle East. When coupled with the chest radiographic score, serum biochemical parameters may be utilized to as...

    Authors: Karuna M. Das, Rajvir Singh, Khalid Al Dossari, Sandeep Subramanya, Shreesh Kumar Ojha, Taleb AlMansoori and Jamal Aldeen Alkoteesh
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:247
  22. Left ventricular thrombus (LVT) formation represents a common complication of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). LVT is usually underestimated with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) while cardiac magnetic resona...

    Authors: Elsayed M. Mehana, Abeer M. Shawky and Heba S. Abdelrahman
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:246
  23. The aim of the study is to characterize the breast lesions on high-resolution Ultrasound and digital mammography to find the patterns and prevalence of different breast lesions in different age groups of our p...

    Authors: Rubina Mukhtar, Mukhtar Hussain, M. Ahmad Mukhtar and Syed Raza Haider
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:245
  24. During the current pandemic, there is an increased incidence of neurologic/neuropsychiatric manifestations in patients with the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Neurologic manifestations may be coincident or resu...

    Authors: Rasha Aly Saleh and Ekhlas Shaban
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:244
  25. Generally, Diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) is known to be more sensitive in diagnosis of acute stroke than other MR sequences. However, fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MR sequence founded to be...

    Authors: Wael Hamza Kamr, Mohannad Saeed Almalki, Amr M. Ismaeel Saadawy and Ayman El-Tahan
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:243
  26. Acute renal obstruction due to stone is a prevalent scenario. The diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) of the kidneys provides a noninvasive information on renal function. Our objective is to pr...

    Authors: Heba M. Abou El Atta, Amal Abdelsattar Sakrana and Haytham Shebel
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:242
  27. The double inversion recovery (DIR) pulse sequence was introduced several years ago and since that it grew important value in clinical neuroimaging. We aimed to assess the added value of double inversion recov...

    Authors: Mohamed Abdelbar Abdelmaksoud Aly, Tarek Mohamed Saleh, Amr Mohamed Ahmed Elfatatry and Moataz Mohamed Montasser
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:241
  28. To quantify the amount of scattered radiation reaching the breasts during x-ray and CT investigations of the head in order to find appropriate justification for an intended change in practice involving torso s...

    Authors: Thomas Adejoh, Emeka E. Ezugwu, Felix O. Erondu, Mark C. Okeji, Peter-Damian O. Anumihe and Chijioke O. Asogwa
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:240
  29. Swyer syndrome (Pure gonadal dysgenesis, 46 XY) is a rare form of disorder of sexual development. These patients presented with external female phenotype, normal Mullerian structures and streak gonads. Pure go...

    Authors: Soha Talaat Hamed and MennatAllah Mohamed Hanafy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:239
  30. The diagnosis of acute small bowel diseases is one of the challenging issues that confronted by the radiologists so accurate diagnosis is essential to determine the appropriate way of management. CT has become...

    Authors: Doaa M. Emara, Khaled M. Moghazy, Galal M. Abouelnagah and Ahmed H. Amer
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:238
  31. Cholecysto-enteric fistula is a rare complication of cholelithiasis and cholecystitis. Another even rarer complication is proximal impaction of gallstone(s) in gastric pylorus leading to gastric outlet obstruc...

    Authors: Lokesh Meena, Bhavya Sharma, Ravi Shanker Singh, Udit Chauhan and Anvin Matthew
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:237
  32. Nowadays, PET/CT plays a substantial role in the diagnosis of different types of tumor by its ability to provide combined functional and anatomic imaging in the same session. The purpose of this study is to ev...

    Authors: Ahmed Eid Fahim Abdella, Khaled Ismail Elshafey, Mohammed Fouad Sherif and Hanan Ahmad Nagy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:236
  33. The association between epicardial fat thickness and coronary artery disease (CAD) has been evaluated previously using echocardiography. Recently, multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), as a valuable tool i...

    Authors: Doaa Ashour Taha, Rasha Ahmed Ali El Shafey, Manal Fathy Hamesa, Khaled Abd El-Wahab Abu-Dewan and Hanan Ahmad Nagy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:235
  34. The non-functional PNETs are often discovered incidentally, they are commonly malignant and commonly present at a late stage with large size. We evaluate in this study the usefulness of 18F-FDG PET/CT in the d...

    Authors: Gihan Hassan Gamal
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:234
  35. Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common neonatal anomaly. Extracardiac findings are commonly associated with CHD. It is mandatory to evaluate extracardiac structures for potential associated abnormal...

    Authors: Dalia Wageeh Kamel, Abeer Maghawry Abdelhameed, Shaimaa Abdelsattar Mohammad and Sherif Nabil Abbas
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:232
  36. Brain volume loss (BVL) is widespread in MS and occurs throughout the disease course at a rate considerably greater than in the general population. In MS, brain volume correlates with and predicts future disab...

    Authors: Mina Rizkallah, Mohamed Hefida, Mohamed Khalil and Rasha Mahmoud Dawoud
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:231
  37. Cancer is the second most common cause of death among children aged 1–14 years in the USA. Pediatric malignancies have elevated morbidity and mortality in the absence of proper treatment. Intensive treatment r...

    Authors: Mo’mena Abdel Aziz Abdou, Hassan Ali El Kiki, Youssef Madney and Ayda Aly Youssef
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:230
  38. In cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), lymph nodes are a typical site of metastasis. Extrathyroidal tissue involvement in differentiated thyroid carcinoma causes the disease to progress and affects the...

    Authors: Wan Mohd Nazlee Wan Zainon, Wan Faiziah Wan Abdul Rahman, Maya Mazuwin Yahya, Nor Azwani Mat Nawi, Nurul Shamimi Suhaimi and Norazlina Mat Nawi
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:229
  39. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly malignant tumor, causing both intrahepatic and extrahepatic metastases. The extrahepatic metastasis occurs in one-third of patients with HCC and it is associated with...

    Authors: Mangala Targe, Venkata Ramesh Yasam and Raj Nagarkar
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:228
  40. There is an increasing concern that a proportion of the survivors of COVID 19 might develop fibrotic and/or other non-reversible lung changes. The aim of this retrospective study was to review the imaging find...

    Authors: Ishan Kumar, Adity Prakash, Manoj Ranjan, Sankha Shubhra Chakrabarti, Ram C. Shukla and Ashish Verma
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:227
  41. Since late 2019, COVID-19 infection has quickly spread substantially in all countries, forcing the appropriation of noteworthy lockdown and social separating measures. It has been considered as a pandemic by t...

    Authors: Ghada Sobhy Ibrahim, Buthaina M. Alkandari, Islam Ahmed Abo Shady, Vikash K. Gupta and Mohsen Ahmed Abdelmohsen
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:226
  42. The extra-pulmonary computed tomography (CT) findings of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been described in the literature, including the...

    Authors: Ahmed Samir, Abdelaziz Elnekeidy and Enjy El-Kady
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:225
  43. Breast metastasis in hematological malignancies is a rare phenomenon, and it is primarily seen in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), this condition is even rarer.

    Authors: Laiba Masood, Sana Sayeed and Samreen Aslam
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:224
  44. Giant cell tumor is a tumor of benign nature which usually arises in the long bone, but it can also be seen at unusual sites. Only few cases have been reported so far regarding involvement of greater trochante...

    Authors: Rohan Kumar Singh, PratapSingh Hanuman Parihar, Gaurav Vedprakash Mishra, Rajasbala Pradeep Dhande and Prerna Anup Patwa
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:223
  45. Cardiomyopathy is a myocardial disease, which usually demonstrates improper ventricular morphology, function, or both. It is classified into two classes based on the organ involved. Primary cardiomyopathy is c...

    Authors: Hend G Elsafty, Mohammed El Shafey, Reda El Arabawy, Mary Rabea Mahrous and Tamer Mahmoud Dawoud
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:222
  46. Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation is an uncommon developmental anomaly that is diagnosed prenatally or during early childhood and is rare to present in adulthood. Type 2 congenital cystic adenomatoid ...

    Authors: Elamparidhi Padmanaban, Kamala Manogna Nibhanupudi, Umamageswari Amirthalingam, Padma Rekha and Rintu George
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:221
  47. Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the recommended treatment in intermediate stage of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Many indices are used to predict the outcome of the TACE. The location of the HCC ha...

    Authors: Ahmed Elsahhar, Sameh M. Abdelwahab, Haytham M. Nasser and Mohammed Sobhi Hassan
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:220
  48. The false-positive rate of computed tomography (CT) images in the diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a challenge for the management in the pandemic. The main purpose of this study is to invest...

    Authors: Yunus Soleymani, Amir Reza Jahanshahi, Maryam Hefzi, Mona Fazel Ghaziani, Amin Pourfarshid and Davood Khezerloo
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:219
  49. The annual incidence of the intracranial dissecting aneurysms is about 1 to 1.5 per 100,000. This is a well-known cause of stroke and subarachnoid hemorrhage in young and middle-aged patients (Santos-Franco et...

    Authors: Mohammad Ahmad Mohammad Saad, Wael Mohammad Fathy Salamah, Maged Abdel Gawwad Abdel Salam, Ashraf Abdel Latif Osman and Farouk Hassan
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:218

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