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  1. Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in neonates. Malondialdehyde (MDH) is a colorless lipid that can be used as a marker for oxidative stress. Cranial ultrasound s...

    Authors: Hadeel M. Seif El Dein, Nouran Fahmy, Zahraa Ezz El Din, Marianne Morgan, Marwa Abdel Fattah and Sara S. Eltatawy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:250
  2. Mammographic focal asymmetry represents normal breast tissue, benign, or malignant lesions. Accurate characterization is important for better management. The study evaluates diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enh...

    Authors: Gelan Ali Mahmoud Soliman, Shaimaa Abdelsattar Mohammad, Mohamed El-Shinawi and Nermeen Nasry Keriakos
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:248
  3. Asymmetric breast density is a potentially perplexing finding; it may be due to normal hormonal variation of the parenchymal pattern and summation artifact or it may indicate an underlying true pathology. The ...

    Authors: Mohamed Zidan, Shimaa Ali Saad, Eman Abo Elhamd, Hosam Eldin Galal and Reem Elkady
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:247
  4. After the spread of COVID-19 pneumonia, chest CT examination was used as a substantial non-invasive complement to RT-PCR for diagnosing and as a rapid screening tool when RT-PCR results are unavailable. Our st...

    Authors: Mohammed Mahmoud Dawoud, Tamer Mahmoud Dawoud, Noha Yousef Amin Ali and Hanan Ahmad Nagy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:246
  5. Decisions about asymptomatic COVID-19 patients are always critical, either during initial screening or during recovery. Spread of infection will be inevitable if those patients were left non-isolated. This stu...

    Authors: Ahmed Samir, Mohamed Saied Abdelgawad, Ayman Ibrahim Baess and Hebatallah Hassan Mamdouh Hassan
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:245
  6. Chest CT is an essential and simple diagnostic method for early detection of pulmonary changes in COVID-19 patients. Semi-quantitative technique depending on both visual and color coded images helps to improve...

    Authors: Rasha Mostafa Mohamed Ali and Mai Bahgat Ibrahim Ghonimy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:244
  7. Leiomyosarcoma arising from mesentery is a rare tumor associated with worse prognosis. The tumor arises from smooth muscles in vascular wall. Ileal mesentery is common site of this tumor origin.

    Authors: Maria Ahmed, Jahanzaib Babar, Hina Khan, Maheen Rana, Sarah Khan, Mujeeb Ur Rehman Abbasi and Amjad Siraj Memon
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:243
  8. The aim of this study is to investigate whether quantitative DW metrics can provide additive value to the reliable categorization of lesions within existing PI-RADSv2 guidelines. Fifty-eight patients with clin...

    Authors: Samar Ramzy Ragheb and Reem Hassan Bassiouny
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:242
  9. The neck imaging reporting and data system (NI-RADS) is a structured reporting algorithm linked with further patient management recommendations. This study was conducted to assess the overall and time point pr...

    Authors: Ahmed S. Abdelrahman, Manar Maamoun Mohamed Ashour and Tougan Taha Abdelaziz
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:241
  10. The purpose of this multicenter diagnostic accuracy test study was conducted to assess the role of positron emission tomography/computed tomography in the detection of primary tumor in cases of metastasis of u...

    Authors: Ashraf Anas Zytoon, Elsayed Elmekkawy Elsayed, Amr Ibrahim Nassar and Koji Murakami
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:240
  11. Lymphoma incorporates histologically variable cancers derived from the immune system cells. The distinctive feature of lymphoma is the rapid increase in size and number of lymph nodes and/or secondary lymphoid...

    Authors: Aya Yassin, Radwa Hany El Sheikh and Mona Mohamed Ali
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:238
  12. Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak was officially announced as a global pandemic by the WHO on March 11th 2020. Thorough understanding of CT imaging features of COVID-19 is essential for effective pati...

    Authors: Youssriah Yahia Sabri, Mohamed Mohsen Tolba Fawzi, Eman Zaki Nossair, Safaa Mohamed El-Mandooh, Amira Aly Hegazy and Sally Fouad Tadros
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:237
  13. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has proved to be an important diagnostic tool throughout the COVID-19 pandemic outbreaks. Increasing number of the infected personnel and shortage of real-time transc...

    Authors: Eman Ragab, Asrar Helal Mahrous and Ghadeer Maher El Sheikh
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:236
  14. Gliomas are characterized by high morbidity and mortality with low cure and high recurrence rates, which depends to a great degree on the angiogenesis of the tumor. Assessment of such angiogenesis by perfusion...

    Authors: Ahmed A. ElBeheiry, Doaa M. Emara, Amany Abdel-Bary Abdel-Latif, Mohamed Abbas and Amal S. Ismail
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:235
  15. Germ cell tumors prefer gonadal regions, but they can be expected in extragonadal sites such as the anterior mediastinum, which is the commonly involved region after gonads. Amongst germ cell tumors, teratomas...

    Authors: Naqibullah Foladi, Farhad Farzam, Najibullah Rahil and Mer Mahmood Shah Hoshang
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:234
  16. Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAP) is a very rare congenital anomaly. We present sonographic findings of TRAP sequence in the case of a multiparous woman with a monochorionic monoamniotic twin pr...

    Authors: Abolfazl Abouie, Nima Rakhshankhah, Ladan Younesi, Zeinab Safarpour, Ayda Roostaee and Ghazaleh Amjad
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:233
  17. Previous studies reported changes in the local vasoactive substance production within the endometrium with a subsequent increase in vascularity as a possible mechanism of intrauterine contraceptive device (IUC...

    Authors: Mohamed S. Sweed, Khaled H. Swidan, Naira S. Ibrahim, Eman A. NasrElDin and Ihab A. Gomaa
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:232
  18. Early diagnosis of meningitis with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) would be useful for appropriate and effective management, decrease morbidity and mortality, and provide better diagnosis and treatment. The o...

    Authors: Wael Hamza Kamr, Mohamed Gaber Eissawy and Amr Saadawy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:231
  19. With the global surge in COVID-19 pandemic, it has become inevitable for everyone, inclusive of nuclear medicine personnel, to play their role in combating and containing its transmission. During fall 2019, Ch...

    Authors: Muhammad Iqbal, Muhammad Shahbaz, Owais Bin Qadeer, Kanwal Nazir, Muhammad Naeem, Muhammad Shahzad Afzal and Muhammad Babar Imran
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:230
  20. Several methods have been used in treating TIPS dysfunction, including balloon angioplasty with/without telescoping stent. However, there are some cases refractory to recanalization and parallel shunt (PS) sho...

    Authors: Mohamed S. Alwarraky, Hasan A. Elzohary, Mohamed A. Melegy and Anwar Mohamed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:229
  21. Liver cirrhosis is a multi-etiological entity that alters the hepatic functions and vascularity by varying grades. Hereby, a cross-sectional study enrolling 100 cirrhotic patients (51 males and 49 females), wh...

    Authors: Ahmed Abdelrahman Mohamed Baz, Rana Magdy Mohamed and Khaled Helmy El-kaffas
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:228
  22. The aim of this study was to highlight the typical and atypical chest CT imaging features at first presentation in 120 patients who were proved to be COVID-19 by PCR and to correlate these findings with the ne...

    Authors: Doaa M. Emara, Nagy N. Naguib, M. A. Moustafa, Salma M. Ali and Amr Magdi El Abd
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:227
  23. The hernia is defined as the protrusion of any organ or a part of it through the wall or fascia or any connective tissue which normally encloses that organ. Among the hernias, an inguinal hernia is the most co...

    Authors: Mohamed rafi Kathar hussain and Kulasekeran N
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:226
  24. Preoperative staging of urinary bladder carcinomas using TNM system is crucial in the management of bladder cancer which is determined mainly by stage and grade of tumor at diagnosis. We aim to evaluate the di...

    Authors: Mohamed Badawy, Hashim Farg, Basma Gadelhak, Mohamed Abou ElGhar, Ahmed Galal Sadeq and Mohamed Borg
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:225
  25. Left paraduodenal hernia (PDH) makes for around 40% of all internal hernias. It is due to the prolapse of bowel through fossa of Landzert, an anatomic variant that is found in around 2% of the population. This...

    Authors: Saurabh Maheshwari, Ajay Khadka, Saikat Bhattacharjee, Uddandam Rajesh and Vibhuti Maria
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:224

    The Correction to this article has been published in Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:256

  26. Brain metastases (BM) are the most common intracranial tumors in adults outnumbering all other intracranial neoplasms. Positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET/CT) is a widely used i...

    Authors: Mamdouh A. Zidan, Radwa S. Hassan, Khaled I. El-Noueam and Yasser M. Zakaria
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:223
  27. Comparing four-dimensional flow against two-dimensional flow measurements in patients with complex flow pattern is still lacking. This study aimed to compare four-dimensional against the two-dimensional flow m...

    Authors: Ahmed Kharabish, Kristina Belker, Stefan Martinoff, Peter Ewert, Anja Hennemuth, Markus Huellebrand, Heiko Stern and Christian Meierhofer
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:222
  28. Congenital abnormalities of the diaphragm cause impairment of lung development and are an important cause of post-natal morbidity and mortality. Congenital diaphragmatic eventration (CDE), a less sinister diap...

    Authors: Harshavardhan Mahalingam, Biji Babu, Rajeswaran Rangasami, Sudarshan Suresh, Indrani Suresh and Chitra Andrew
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:221
  29. CT chest findings of COVID-19 pneumonia can be detected before the clinical symptoms become evident in many cases. In this work, we presented our experience in incidental detection of COVID-19-associated pneum...

    Authors: Susan Adil Ali and Moustafa Mahmoud Abdelkawi
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:220
  30. The diagnostic approach for patients with laryngeal lesions differs among otolaryngologists. Indirect laryngoscopy, flexible fibrooptic laryngoscopy, CT, and MRI are all modalities used for diagnosis. Ultrason...

    Authors: Haytham Mohamed Nasser, Anas Askoura and Ahmed Hussein
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:219
  31. Leukemia is one of the most common fatal diseases in pediatric oncology. Recently, advances in drug therapy have improved the prognosis of acute leukemia with event-free survival of up to 60%; however, complic...

    Authors: Eman M. Amer, Ahmed F. Youssef, Marwa A. Romeih, Ayda A. Youssef and Hamada M. Khater
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:218
  32. Zinner’s syndrome is a rare congenital malformation involving the seminal vesicle that mostly shows cystic transformation. Embryogenesis of the kidney, ureter, seminal vesicle, and vas deferens can be altered ...

    Authors: Ahmed Atef Soliman, Anwar Ali Alshukami and Walaa Hussein AlZuber
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:217
  33. The current COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in marked and rapid changes to the standing policies of radiology departments globally. The aim of this review article is to describe the various processes implemente...

    Authors: Shaimaa AbdelSattar Mohammad, Ahmed M. Osman, Abeer Maghawry Abd-Elhameed, Khaled A. Ahmed, Noha M. Taha, Ayman Saleh, Ashraf Omar, Mahmoud El-Meteini and Mona Adel Mohamed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:216
  34. The tomographic findings in COVID-19, its classification, a brief overview of the application of artificial intelligence, and the stages during the course of the disease in patients with moderate COVID-19

    Authors: Axel Quispe-Cholan, Yoselyn Anticona-De-La-Cruz, Marco Cornejo-Cruz, Oswaldo Quispe-Chirinos, Veronica Moreno-Lazaro and Edward Chavez-Cruzado
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:215
  35. Heterotopic pregnancy describes the occurrence of two pregnancies in different implantation sites simultaneously, which is rare, yet it is a challenge to diagnose such a problem due to complex clinical and lab...

    Authors: Tamer Ali, Mohamed A. Tawab, Mona Abdel Ghaffar ElHariri and Alaa A. Ayad
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:214
  36. The aim of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) and 2-[Fluorine-18] fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography combined to computed tomog...

    Authors: Ashraf Anas Zytoon, Hala Hafez Mohamed, Basma Adel Abd Elaziz Mostafa and Mohamed Mohamed Houseni
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:213
  37. Pneumorrhachis (PR) describes the rare presence of intraspinal air, mainly following traumatic or iatrogenic procedures. According to the localization of air in the spinal canal, PR has been classified into in...

    Authors: Areez Shafqat, Hamzah M. F. Magableh, Shameel Shafqat and Syed Shafqat Ul Islam
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:212
  38. Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory reaction of the vessel wall. Emphysema may induce systemic inflammation, part of which may be the development or progression of atherosclerosis. So, the relationship between ...

    Authors: Atef W. Elrefai, Mohammad Mossaad Alsayyad and Elsayed Mohamed Abd El-Hamid Hassan Dawood
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:211
  39. The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of whole-body magnetic resonance/diffusion-weighted imaging with background signal suppression (WB-MR/DWIBS) method, with that of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose...

    Authors: Gihan Hassan Gamal
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:210
  40. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is one of the diagnostic imaging modalities employing in lesion detection in neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Advances in MRI techniques such as double i...

    Authors: Abdullah Dhaifallah Almutairi, Hasyma Abu Hassan, Subapriya Suppiah, Othman I. Alomair, Abdulbaset Alshoaibi, Hajab Almutairi and Rozi Mahmud
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:209
  41. As newer technologies in the field of medical imaging continue to expand, development of unique techniques for optimizing image quality and minimizing radiation dose becomes very necessary for improve diagnosi...

    Authors: Eric Naab Manson, Francis Hasford, Stephen Inkoom and Ahmed Mohammed Gedel
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:208
  42. Musculoskeletal ultrasound can be now considered a complement to physical examination in rheumatoid arthritis. This study evaluates the role of musculoskeletal ultrasound in assessment of rheumatoid hand funct...

    Authors: Aya Hamed Safar, Mohamed G. Zaki, Dina S. Al-Zifzaf, Rana A. El-Hilaly and Nouran Abaza
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:207
  43. Recently, the living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) surgery is employed as the treatment of choice for end-stage chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. The role of liver biopsy in donor’s sele...

    Authors: Rania Essam-el-dein Mohamed, Mohamed A. Amin, Hazem M. Omar, Hossam Eldeen M. Soliman and Hazem Zakaria
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:206
  44. To evaluate how far is selective renal artery embolization (RAE) using permanent agents effective in treating acute renal artery bleeding. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients (n = 45) with...

    Authors: Mohamed S. Alwarraky, Mohamed M. Abdallah and Mohamed S. Elgharbawy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:205
  45. Chemoradiation therapy (CRT) has become a primary definitive treatment modality for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC); however, not all patients respond completely to treatment. Ability to identify...

    Authors: Hanan Mohamed Khattab, Moataz Mohamed Montasser, Mohamed Eid, Alaa Kandil and Salah El-Din Desouky
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:204
  46. PET/CT is a well-established tool in the diagnostic workup of oncology patients. With the advance in diagnosis and therapy of oncology patients, survivors are at risk of developing additional malignancies. Thi...

    Authors: Ekhlas Shaban and Rasha Saleh
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:203
  47. The role of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis is assessed in this study by measuring the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values in acute pancrea...

    Authors: Hanan M. Abuzeid, Aya Yassin, Omar F. Kamel and Kareem A. Sabry
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:202
  48. Bone marrow assessment is an important part in the Ann Arbor staging system in lymphoma. It is done routinely through posterior iliac crest bone marrow biopsy (BMB) which is an invasive technique with limited ...

    Authors: Youstina Elamir, Mohamed Elazab, Ahmed S. Owis and Huda Fathy Elsayed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:201
  49. MRI is considered to be the imaging modality of choice in preoperative diagnosis of parotid gland tumors and differentiating benign from malignant ones. Recently, functional MR imaging sequences including dynamic...

    Authors: Mohamed Ali EL-Adalany, Amany Ezzat Mohamed Mousa and Dina EL-Metwally
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:126

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:180

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