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  1. Focal lesions of the kidney comprise a spectrum of entities that can be broadly classified as malignant tumors, benign tumors, and non-neoplastic lesions. Malignant tumors include renal cell carcinoma subtypes...

    Authors: Jonathan Lyske, Rishi Philip Mathew, Christopher Hutchinson, Vimal Patel and Gavin Low
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:14
  2. This study aims to review chest computed tomography (CT) scanning parameters which are utilized to evaluate patients for COVID-19-induced pneumonia. Also, some of radiation dose reduction techniques in CT woul...

    Authors: Javid Azadbakht, Daryoush Khoramian, Zahra Sadat Lajevardi, Fateme Elikaii, Amir Hossein Aflatoonian, Bagher Farhood, Masoud Najafi and Hamed Bagheri
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:13
  3. To evaluate the diagnostic performance of chest CT in differentiating coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and non-COVID-19 causes of ground-glass opacities (GGO).

    Authors: Ali H. Elmokadem, Dalia Bayoumi, Sherif A. Abo-Hedibah and Ahmed El-Morsy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:12
  4. Coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia emerged in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. It was highly contagious spreading all over the world, with a rapid increase in the number of deaths. The reported cases have reached...

    Authors: Abdelghany Mohammed Motawea, Suzan Omar and Rabab Yasin
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:4
  5. The association of tuberculosis and motor neuron disease-like illness has not been described previously. We present a case of co-existent pulmonary and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis in a young man whose clinica...

    Authors: Sameer Peer, Chandana Nagaraj and Sandhya Mangalore
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:3
  6. Gall bladder carcinoma (GBC) is the most common biliary epithelial neoplasm. Its slow progression and late presentation lend it a poor prognosis. The risk factors can be divided into cholelithiasis, inflammato...

    Authors: Niharika Prasad and Saugata Sen
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 52:1
  7. Lumbar disc prolapse is a localized herniation of disc beyond intervertebral disc space and is the most common cause of sciatica; the aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of ultrasound (US)-guided ...

    Authors: Mohamed Ahmed Elashmawy, Reham M. Shaat, A. M. Abdelkhalek and Ebrahim El Boghdady
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2021 51:259
  8. This work was conducted to assess the diagnostic efficiency of isotropic three-dimensional VISTA-fast spin echo versus standard two-dimensional fast spin echo at 1.5 T MRI, in the assessment of internal knee d...

    Authors: Nevien Ezzat El-Liethy, Amr Samir Rashwan and Heba Kamal
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:258
  9. Despite the high prevalence of prostate cancer, its brain parenchymal metastasis is not common and intracranial hemorrhage due to such a metastasis is even less common. This report presents a challenging case ...

    Authors: Zarhra Saadatpour, Ali Rezaei, Aparna Singhal, Houman Sotoudeh and Kamran Tavakol
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:257
  10. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Saurabh Maheshwari, Ajay Khadka, Saikat Bhattacharjee, Uddandam Rajesh and Vibhuti Maria
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:256

    The original article was published in Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:224

  11. COVID-19 is a pandemic disease and is important to know the nature of the disease during follow-up. We aimed to study different imaging signs and changes that occurred during the initial scan, follow-up, and c...

    Authors: Ahmed M. Osman, Suzan Farouk, Nehad M. Osman and Ahmed M. Abdrabou
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:255
  12. Computed tomography (CT) is one of the main diagnostic tools for early detection and management of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. This study aims to highlight the commonly encountered CT findin...

    Authors: Mona A. F. Hafez
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:254
  13. Errors in radiographic image annotation by radiographers could potentially lead to misdiagnoses by radiologists and wrong side surgery by surgeons. Such medical negligence has dire medico-legal consequences. I...

    Authors: Thomas Adejoh, Chukwuemeka H. Elugwu, Mohammed Sidi, Emeka E. Ezugwu, Chijioke O. Asogwa and Mark C. Okeji
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:253
  14. The main challenge in managing COVID-19 pandemic is containment of the infection by early detection of the disease and wide dissemination of diagnostic tests with high sensitivity and specificity. Various imag...

    Authors: Noha M. Attia and Moustafa H. M. Othman
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:252
  15. Ectopic thyroid tissue is a rare embryological aberration described by the occurrence of thyroid tissue at a site other than in its normal pretracheal location. Depending on the time of the disruption during e...

    Authors: Rita Meira Soares Camelo and José Maria Barros
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:251
  16. Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in neonates. Malondialdehyde (MDH) is a colorless lipid that can be used as a marker for oxidative stress. Cranial ultrasound s...

    Authors: Hadeel M. Seif El Dein, Nouran Fahmy, Zahraa Ezz El Din, Marianne Morgan, Marwa Abdel Fattah and Sara S. Eltatawy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:250
  17. Varicocele is an abnormally dilated pampiniform plexus of the veins within the spermatic cord and is considered the most common correctable cause of male factor infertility. Many approaches are described for t...

    Authors: Haytham M. Nasser, Ahmed Hussein, Gad M. Behairy and Mostafa Abdo
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:249
  18. Mammographic focal asymmetry represents normal breast tissue, benign, or malignant lesions. Accurate characterization is important for better management. The study evaluates diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enh...

    Authors: Gelan Ali Mahmoud Soliman, Shaimaa Abdelsattar Mohammad, Mohamed El-Shinawi and Nermeen Nasry Keriakos
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:248
  19. Asymmetric breast density is a potentially perplexing finding; it may be due to normal hormonal variation of the parenchymal pattern and summation artifact or it may indicate an underlying true pathology. The ...

    Authors: Mohamed Zidan, Shimaa Ali Saad, Eman Abo Elhamd, Hosam Eldin Galal and Reem Elkady
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:247
  20. After the spread of COVID-19 pneumonia, chest CT examination was used as a substantial non-invasive complement to RT-PCR for diagnosing and as a rapid screening tool when RT-PCR results are unavailable. Our st...

    Authors: Mohammed Mahmoud Dawoud, Tamer Mahmoud Dawoud, Noha Yousef Amin Ali and Hanan Ahmad Nagy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:246
  21. Decisions about asymptomatic COVID-19 patients are always critical, either during initial screening or during recovery. Spread of infection will be inevitable if those patients were left non-isolated. This stu...

    Authors: Ahmed Samir, Mohamed Saied Abdelgawad, Ayman Ibrahim Baess and Hebatallah Hassan Mamdouh Hassan
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:245
  22. Chest CT is an essential and simple diagnostic method for early detection of pulmonary changes in COVID-19 patients. Semi-quantitative technique depending on both visual and color coded images helps to improve...

    Authors: Rasha Mostafa Mohamed Ali and Mai Bahgat Ibrahim Ghonimy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:244
  23. Leiomyosarcoma arising from mesentery is a rare tumor associated with worse prognosis. The tumor arises from smooth muscles in vascular wall. Ileal mesentery is common site of this tumor origin.

    Authors: Maria Ahmed, Jahanzaib Babar, Hina Khan, Maheen Rana, Sarah Khan, Mujeeb Ur Rehman Abbasi and Amjad Siraj Memon
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:243
  24. The aim of this study is to investigate whether quantitative DW metrics can provide additive value to the reliable categorization of lesions within existing PI-RADSv2 guidelines. Fifty-eight patients with clin...

    Authors: Samar Ramzy Ragheb and Reem Hassan Bassiouny
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:242
  25. The neck imaging reporting and data system (NI-RADS) is a structured reporting algorithm linked with further patient management recommendations. This study was conducted to assess the overall and time point pr...

    Authors: Ahmed S. Abdelrahman, Manar Maamoun Mohamed Ashour and Tougan Taha Abdelaziz
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:241
  26. The purpose of this multicenter diagnostic accuracy test study was conducted to assess the role of positron emission tomography/computed tomography in the detection of primary tumor in cases of metastasis of u...

    Authors: Ashraf Anas Zytoon, Elsayed Elmekkawy Elsayed, Amr Ibrahim Nassar and Koji Murakami
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:240
  27. Lymphoma incorporates histologically variable cancers derived from the immune system cells. The distinctive feature of lymphoma is the rapid increase in size and number of lymph nodes and/or secondary lymphoid...

    Authors: Aya Yassin, Radwa Hany El Sheikh and Mona Mohamed Ali
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:238
  28. Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak was officially announced as a global pandemic by the WHO on March 11th 2020. Thorough understanding of CT imaging features of COVID-19 is essential for effective pati...

    Authors: Youssriah Yahia Sabri, Mohamed Mohsen Tolba Fawzi, Eman Zaki Nossair, Safaa Mohamed El-Mandooh, Amira Aly Hegazy and Sally Fouad Tadros
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:237
  29. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has proved to be an important diagnostic tool throughout the COVID-19 pandemic outbreaks. Increasing number of the infected personnel and shortage of real-time transc...

    Authors: Eman Ragab, Asrar Helal Mahrous and Ghadeer Maher El Sheikh
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:236
  30. Gliomas are characterized by high morbidity and mortality with low cure and high recurrence rates, which depends to a great degree on the angiogenesis of the tumor. Assessment of such angiogenesis by perfusion...

    Authors: Ahmed A. ElBeheiry, Doaa M. Emara, Amany Abdel-Bary Abdel-Latif, Mohamed Abbas and Amal S. Ismail
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:235
  31. Germ cell tumors prefer gonadal regions, but they can be expected in extragonadal sites such as the anterior mediastinum, which is the commonly involved region after gonads. Amongst germ cell tumors, teratomas...

    Authors: Naqibullah Foladi, Farhad Farzam, Najibullah Rahil and Mer Mahmood Shah Hoshang
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:234
  32. Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAP) is a very rare congenital anomaly. We present sonographic findings of TRAP sequence in the case of a multiparous woman with a monochorionic monoamniotic twin pr...

    Authors: Abolfazl Abouie, Nima Rakhshankhah, Ladan Younesi, Zeinab Safarpour, Ayda Roostaee and Ghazaleh Amjad
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:233
  33. Previous studies reported changes in the local vasoactive substance production within the endometrium with a subsequent increase in vascularity as a possible mechanism of intrauterine contraceptive device (IUC...

    Authors: Mohamed S. Sweed, Khaled H. Swidan, Naira S. Ibrahim, Eman A. NasrElDin and Ihab A. Gomaa
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:232
  34. Early diagnosis of meningitis with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) would be useful for appropriate and effective management, decrease morbidity and mortality, and provide better diagnosis and treatment. The o...

    Authors: Wael Hamza Kamr, Mohamed Gaber Eissawy and Amr Saadawy
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:231
  35. With the global surge in COVID-19 pandemic, it has become inevitable for everyone, inclusive of nuclear medicine personnel, to play their role in combating and containing its transmission. During fall 2019, Ch...

    Authors: Muhammad Iqbal, Muhammad Shahbaz, Owais Bin Qadeer, Kanwal Nazir, Muhammad Naeem, Muhammad Shahzad Afzal and Muhammad Babar Imran
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:230
  36. Several methods have been used in treating TIPS dysfunction, including balloon angioplasty with/without telescoping stent. However, there are some cases refractory to recanalization and parallel shunt (PS) sho...

    Authors: Mohamed S. Alwarraky, Hasan A. Elzohary, Mohamed A. Melegy and Anwar Mohamed
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:229
  37. Liver cirrhosis is a multi-etiological entity that alters the hepatic functions and vascularity by varying grades. Hereby, a cross-sectional study enrolling 100 cirrhotic patients (51 males and 49 females), wh...

    Authors: Ahmed Abdelrahman Mohamed Baz, Rana Magdy Mohamed and Khaled Helmy El-kaffas
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:228
  38. The aim of this study was to highlight the typical and atypical chest CT imaging features at first presentation in 120 patients who were proved to be COVID-19 by PCR and to correlate these findings with the ne...

    Authors: Doaa M. Emara, Nagy N. Naguib, M. A. Moustafa, Salma M. Ali and Amr Magdi El Abd
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:227
  39. The hernia is defined as the protrusion of any organ or a part of it through the wall or fascia or any connective tissue which normally encloses that organ. Among the hernias, an inguinal hernia is the most co...

    Authors: Mohamed rafi Kathar hussain and Kulasekeran N
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:226
  40. Preoperative staging of urinary bladder carcinomas using TNM system is crucial in the management of bladder cancer which is determined mainly by stage and grade of tumor at diagnosis. We aim to evaluate the di...

    Authors: Mohamed Badawy, Hashim Farg, Basma Gadelhak, Mohamed Abou ElGhar, Ahmed Galal Sadeq and Mohamed Borg
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:225
  41. Left paraduodenal hernia (PDH) makes for around 40% of all internal hernias. It is due to the prolapse of bowel through fossa of Landzert, an anatomic variant that is found in around 2% of the population. This...

    Authors: Saurabh Maheshwari, Ajay Khadka, Saikat Bhattacharjee, Uddandam Rajesh and Vibhuti Maria
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:224

    The Correction to this article has been published in Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:256

  42. Brain metastases (BM) are the most common intracranial tumors in adults outnumbering all other intracranial neoplasms. Positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET/CT) is a widely used i...

    Authors: Mamdouh A. Zidan, Radwa S. Hassan, Khaled I. El-Noueam and Yasser M. Zakaria
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:223
  43. Comparing four-dimensional flow against two-dimensional flow measurements in patients with complex flow pattern is still lacking. This study aimed to compare four-dimensional against the two-dimensional flow m...

    Authors: Ahmed Kharabish, Kristina Belker, Stefan Martinoff, Peter Ewert, Anja Hennemuth, Markus Huellebrand, Heiko Stern and Christian Meierhofer
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:222
  44. Congenital abnormalities of the diaphragm cause impairment of lung development and are an important cause of post-natal morbidity and mortality. Congenital diaphragmatic eventration (CDE), a less sinister diap...

    Authors: Harshavardhan Mahalingam, Biji Babu, Rajeswaran Rangasami, Sudarshan Suresh, Indrani Suresh and Chitra Andrew
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:221
  45. CT chest findings of COVID-19 pneumonia can be detected before the clinical symptoms become evident in many cases. In this work, we presented our experience in incidental detection of COVID-19-associated pneum...

    Authors: Susan Adil Ali and Moustafa Mahmoud Abdelkawi
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:220
  46. The diagnostic approach for patients with laryngeal lesions differs among otolaryngologists. Indirect laryngoscopy, flexible fibrooptic laryngoscopy, CT, and MRI are all modalities used for diagnosis. Ultrason...

    Authors: Haytham Mohamed Nasser, Anas Askoura and Ahmed Hussein
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:219
  47. Leukemia is one of the most common fatal diseases in pediatric oncology. Recently, advances in drug therapy have improved the prognosis of acute leukemia with event-free survival of up to 60%; however, complic...

    Authors: Eman M. Amer, Ahmed F. Youssef, Marwa A. Romeih, Ayda A. Youssef and Hamada M. Khater
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:218
  48. Zinner’s syndrome is a rare congenital malformation involving the seminal vesicle that mostly shows cystic transformation. Embryogenesis of the kidney, ureter, seminal vesicle, and vas deferens can be altered ...

    Authors: Ahmed Atef Soliman, Anwar Ali Alshukami and Walaa Hussein AlZuber
    Citation: Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine 2020 51:217

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